11 Jenis Teks Di Bahasa Inggris Yang Umum Digunakan

11 Jenis Teks Di Bahasa Inggris Yang Umum Digunakan

Dalam bahasa Inggris, terdapat beberapa jenis teks yang umumnya digunakan, antara lain:

1. Narrative Text (Teks Naratif): Berfokus pada cerita atau narasi suatu kejadian, baik fiksi maupun non-fiksi. Contohnya adalah cerpen, novel, atau autobiografi.

Berikut ini adalah contoh teks narasi pendek dalam bahasa Inggris:

Title: The Lost Key

Once upon a time, a young girl named Lily lived in a small village nestled among rolling hills. Lily was an adventurous soul, always seeking new experiences. One sunny afternoon, while exploring the woods near her home, Lily stumbled upon an old, mysterious key half-buried in the dirt. Intrigued, she picked it up and examined it closely. It was made of tarnished silver and seemed to whisper past secrets.

Determined to uncover the key's origins, Lily embarked on a quest. She asked the villagers if they knew anything about it, but no one could provide clues. Undeterred, Lily decided to search the forest for any signs of a hidden treasure. For days, she wandered through the dense undergrowth, following her instincts and listening to the rustle of leaves.

Finally, just as she was about to give up hope, Lily stumbled upon an ancient oak tree with a small, weathered door nestled in its trunk. With trembling hands, she inserted the key into the lock and turned it. To her amazement, the door swung open, revealing a hidden chamber filled with treasures beyond imagination.

Overwhelmed with joy, Lily realized that the key had led her to a long-forgotten treasure trove. But more than gold and jewels, she had discovered the thrill of adventure and the power of perseverance. With a grateful heart, Lily returned home, knowing that she would always cherish the memory of her magical journey.

And so, the legend of the lost key became a cherished tale in the village, inspiring generations to come to follow their dreams and never lose hope in the face of adversity.

Teks naratif ini bercerita tentang seorang gadis muda bernama Lily, yang menemukan sebuah kunci tua dan memulai pencarian untuk mengungkap rahasianya. Melalui tekad dan keberaniannya, dia menemukan harta karun dan belajar pelajaran berharga di sepanjang jalan.

2. Descriptive Text (Teks Deskriptif): Menggambarkan karakteristik atau ciri-ciri suatu objek, tempat, atau peristiwa. Misalnya deskripsi tentang sebuah tempat wisata atau deskripsi tentang hewan tertentu.

Berikut ini adalah contoh teks deskriptif dalam bahasa Inggris:

Title: A Tranquil Beach Scene

The beach is a place of serene beauty, where the rhythmic ebb and flow of the waves create a soothing melody. Picture a secluded stretch of shoreline, embraced by soft, golden sands that seem to stretch for miles. The gentle breeze carries the scent of saltwater and sunscreen, mingling with the fresh, crisp air.

As the sun rises above the horizon, its warm rays cast a golden hue across the tranquil waters. The sky is painted in shades of pink, orange, and purple, creating a breathtaking backdrop for the unfolding scene. Seagulls glide gracefully overhead, their calls echoing in the distance.

At the water's edge, small waves lap gently against the shore, leaving behind delicate patterns in the sand. Occasionally, a larger wave crashes against the rocks, sending a spray of mist into the air. Pelicans dive gracefully into the water, emerging moments later with their prize.
Farther down the beach, a lone figure walks along the shoreline, their footsteps leaving imprints in the sand. They pause to pick up a seashell, admiring its intricate beauty before tucking it into their pocket as a memento of the day.

In the distance, a sailboat glides across the horizon, its billowing sails catching the breeze. The rhythmic sound of the waves lulls the senses into a state of peaceful tranquility, creating a moment of pure serenity amidst the chaos of everyday life.

As the day draws to a close, the sun dips below the horizon, casting a warm glow across the beach. The sky is ablaze with hues of red and gold, signaling the end of another perfect day in paradise.

3. Expository Text (Teks Ekspositori): Bertujuan untuk menjelaskan, mendiskusikan, atau menguraikan suatu topik secara mendalam. Artikel ilmiah, ensiklopedia, atau buku teks adalah contoh dari teks ekspositori.

Berikut ini adalah contoh teks eksposisi dalam bahasa Inggris:

Title: The Water Cycle

The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle, is the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the surface of the Earth. It plays a crucial role in regulating Earth's climate and sustaining life. This text will explore the various processes involved in the water cycle.

Processes of the Water Cycle:

Evaporation: The water cycle begins with the process of evaporation, where heat from the sun causes water from oceans, lakes, rivers, and other water bodies to change from liquid to vapor and rise into the atmosphere.

Condensation: As the water vapor rises, it cools and condenses to form clouds. This process is known as condensation. Water molecules in the air come together to form droplets, which eventually accumulate to form clouds.

Precipitation: When clouds become saturated with water vapor, precipitation occurs. Precipitation includes rain, snow, sleet, and hail. Water droplets or ice crystals fall from the clouds back to the Earth's surface.

Surface Runoff: After precipitation reaches the Earth's surface, it may flow over the ground as surface runoff, eventually making its way into rivers, streams, and oceans. Surface runoff plays a crucial role in shaping the Earth's landscape through erosion and deposition.

Infiltration and Groundwater: Some precipitation infiltrates into the ground, replenishing groundwater reservoirs. This water may slowly move through soil layers until it reaches aquifers, where it can be stored for long periods.

The water cycle is a continuous and dynamic process that redistributes water throughout the Earth's various reservoirs. Understanding the water cycle is essential for managing water resources, predicting weather patterns, and maintaining ecosystems. By studying its processes, we gain insight into the interconnectedness of Earth's systems and the importance of preserving water quality and quantity for future generations.

4. Argumentative Text (Teks Argumentatif): Mempresentasikan argumen atau pendapat penulis mengenai suatu topik dengan tujuan meyakinkan pembaca. Editorial, esai argumentatif, atau debat adalah contoh dari teks argumentatif.

Berikut adalah contoh teks argumentatif dalam Bahasa Inggris:

Title: Ban on Smoking in Public Places


Smoking has become a controversial issue in modern society. Some people support the right of individuals to smoke wherever they want, while others support a ban on smoking in public places. In this paper, it will be explained why a ban on smoking in public places is a necessary step to take.

Public Health: Passive smoking is harmful to public health. Exposure to secondhand smoke can increase the risk of diseases such as lung cancer, heart disease, and respiratory problems. By banning smoking in public places, we protect non-smokers from these dangers.

Protection of Children: Children and adolescents are vulnerable to the negative effects of passive smoking. Those who are constantly exposed to secondhand smoke have a higher risk of developing health problems in the future. By enforcing a ban on smoking in public places, we are safeguarding a healthier environment for future generations.

Clean Environment: Cigarettes not only contain substances harmful to human health but also pollute the environment. Cigarettes cause air pollution and leave behind litter in the form of cigarette butts that are difficult to decompose. By reducing the number of people who smoke in public places, we also reduce the negative impact on the environment.

Banning smoking in public places is not only about protecting public health but also about creating a cleaner and safer environment for everyone. By respecting the right of non-smokers to breathe clean air, we build a society that cares more about our collective well-being.

Teks argumentatif tersebut menyajikan pendapat dan argumen yang mendukung pandangan bahwa larangan merokok di tempat umum adalah langkah yang tepat untuk kesehatan masyarakat dan lingkungan.

5. Instructional Text (Teks Instruksional): Memberikan petunjuk atau instruksi tentang cara melakukan suatu tindakan atau proses. Manual pengguna, resep masakan, atau petunjuk perakitan barang adalah contoh dari teks instruksional.

Berikut adalah contoh instructional text dalam Bahasa Inggris:

Title: How to Make Warm Tea

Ingredients and tools:

  1. 1 tea bag (choose according to preference)
  2. Hot water to taste
  3. Sugar or other sweetener (optional)
  4. Spoon


  • Heat the water to boiling.
  • Put the tea bags in a glass or cup.
  • Pour hot water into the glass, making sure the tea bag is fully submerged.
  • Allow the tea bags to infuse for 2-3 minutes, or according to the desired level of body.
  • Afterward, remove the tea bag from the glass using a spoon.
  • If desired, add sugar or other sweeteners to taste.
  • Stir until the sugar is completely dissolved.
  • Hot tea is ready to enjoy!

Instruksi semacam ini berguna untuk membimbing seseorang dalam melakukan suatu tindakan atau proses dengan langkah-langkah yang jelas dan mudah diikuti.

6.Persuasive Text (Teks Persuasif): Mirip dengan teks argumentatif, namun lebih fokus pada upaya meyakinkan atau mempengaruhi pembaca untuk mengikuti pendapat penulis. Iklan, pidato, atau surat permohonan adalah contoh dari teks persuasif.

Berikut ini adalah contoh teks persuasif yang mengajak orang untuk melakukan donor darah:

Title: Give the Gift of Life: Donate Blood Today

Every two seconds, someone in the world needs blood. Yet, despite the constant demand, blood supplies often fall short, putting countless lives at risk. You have the power to make a difference. By donating blood, you can save lives and give hope to those in need.

First and foremost, donating blood is a simple and altruistic act that can have a profound impact on the lives of others. Whether it's a patient undergoing surgery, a child with cancer, or a victim of a traumatic injury, your blood donation can provide the lifeline they desperately need to survive.

Moreover, donating blood is safe, painless, and takes just a fraction of your time. The entire process typically lasts less than an hour, including registration, a brief medical screening, and the donation itself. With advancements in technology and strict safety protocols in place, you can rest assured that your donation will be handled with care and used to help those in need.

Furthermore, donating blood offers numerous health benefits for the donor. Regular blood donation can help reduce the risk of heart disease, lower cholesterol levels, and even improve blood flow. It's a win-win situation – not only are you helping others, but you're also improving your own health in the process.

Additionally, donating blood fosters a sense of community and solidarity. It brings people from all walks of life together for a common cause – to save lives. Whether you're donating as an individual or organizing a group blood drive with friends, family, or colleagues, you're contributing to a collective effort to make a positive impact in the world.

In conclusion, the need for blood is constant and urgent. By donating blood, you have the power to save lives, improve health, and strengthen communities. Your blood donation is a precious gift that can make a world of difference to someone in need. So, what are you waiting for? Roll up your sleeves, give the gift of life, and donate blood today. Together, we can make a lifesaving difference, one donation at a time.

7. Informative Text (Teks Informatif): Teks yang bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi kepada pembaca tanpa menilai atau mempengaruhi mereka secara langsung. Ini bisa berupa artikel berita, ensiklopedia, atau laporan penelitian.

Berikut ini adalah contoh teks informatif mengenai pengaruh perubahan iklim terhadap ekosistem laut:

Title: The Impact of Climate Change on Marine Ecosystems

Climate change has emerged as one of the most pressing environmental challenges of our time, with far-reaching consequences for ecosystems around the world. Among the most vulnerable ecosystems are those found in the ocean, where rising temperatures, ocean acidification, and changing weather patterns are already causing significant disruptions.

One of the primary impacts of climate change on marine ecosystems is coral bleaching. Coral reefs, often referred to as the "rainforests of the sea," are home to a diverse array of marine life and provide critical habitat for countless species. 

However, rising sea temperatures can cause corals to expel the algae living within their tissues, leading to coral bleaching and eventual death. This not only threatens the survival of coral species but also jeopardizes the entire ecosystem that depends on them for food and shelter.

Additionally, ocean acidification, resulting from the absorption of excess carbon dioxide by seawater, poses a serious threat to marine life. 

Increased acidity can inhibit the growth and development of shell-forming organisms such as mollusks and corals, as well as disrupt the balance of marine ecosystems by affecting the availability of key nutrients and minerals.

Furthermore, climate change is altering ocean currents and weather patterns, leading to changes in the distribution and abundance of marine species. For example, warming waters may cause certain fish species to migrate to cooler regions, while others may struggle to adapt to rapidly changing conditions. This can have cascading effects throughout the food web, impacting not only fish populations but also the communities and industries that rely on them for sustenance and livelihoods.

In response to these threats, scientists and policymakers are increasingly recognizing the need for concerted action to mitigate the impacts of climate change on marine ecosystems. This includes reducing greenhouse gas emissions to limit further warming of the planet, as well as implementing measures to protect and restore vulnerable marine habitats such as coral reefs and mangrove forests.

Ultimately, the health and resilience of marine ecosystems are inextricably linked to the health and well-being of human societies. By taking decisive action to address climate change and protect our oceans, we can safeguard the rich biodiversity and ecological services that marine ecosystems provide for generations to come.

8. Review Text (Teks Ulasan): Teks yang memberikan evaluasi atau tinjauan terhadap suatu produk, layanan, atau karya seni. Review film, review buku, atau review restoran adalah contoh teks ulasan.

Berikut ini adalah contoh review text tentang film "The Shawshank Redemption":

Title: Redemption in the Walls of Shawshank

"The Shawshank Redemption," directed by Frank Darabont and based on Stephen King's novella, is a cinematic masterpiece that transcends its prison setting to deliver a poignant story of hope, friendship, and redemption.

The film follows the journey of Andy Dufresne (Tim Robbins), a banker wrongly convicted of murder, as he navigates the harsh realities of Shawshank State Penitentiary. Despite facing brutality and injustice within the walls of the prison, Andy maintains his dignity and resilience, ultimately earning the respect of his fellow inmates, including Red (Morgan Freeman), a seasoned prisoner known for his ability to procure contraband.

One of the film's greatest strengths lies in its character development. Through Andy and Red's evolving friendship, the audience is treated to a nuanced exploration of human connection and the transformative power of hope. Tim Robbins delivers a captivating performance as Andy, portraying his quiet strength and unwavering determination with remarkable depth. Morgan Freeman's portrayal of Red is equally compelling, infusing the character with warmth, wisdom, and a hint of cynicism that adds depth to the narrative.

Beyond its compelling characters, "The Shawshank Redemption" is also notable for its expertly crafted storyline and masterful direction. Frank Darabont skillfully navigates the complexities of the prison environment, juxtaposing moments of despair with moments of triumph to create a narrative that is both gripping and emotionally resonant. The film's climactic twist is executed with precision, leaving viewers stunned and deeply moved by its implications.

In addition to its narrative prowess, "The Shawshank Redemption" boasts stunning cinematography and a hauntingly beautiful score that enhances the film's atmosphere and emotional impact. From sweeping shots of the prison yard to intimate moments of camaraderie between Andy and Red, every frame of the film is imbued with visual and emotional richness.

Overall, "The Shawshank Redemption" is a timeless classic that continues to captivate audiences decades after its release. Its universal themes of hope, resilience, and the enduring power of the human spirit resonate with viewers of all ages and backgrounds, making it a film that transcends genre and generation. Whether you're a fan of drama, crime, or simply great storytelling, "The Shawshank Redemption" is a cinematic experience not to be missed.

9. Analytical Text: Teks yang menganalisis suatu topik atau permasalahan secara mendalam.

Analytical text merupakan jenis teks yang bertujuan untuk menganalisis atau mengevaluasi sebuah fenomena atau peristiwa secara objektif. Biasanya, analytical text menguraikan fenomena tersebut, menyajikan fakta-fakta yang mendukung analisis, serta menyimpulkan atau menarik kesimpulan berdasarkan analisis tersebut. 

Berikut ini adalah contoh analytical text tentang pengaruh media sosial terhadap remaja:

Title: The Impact of Social Media on Teenagers

Social media has become an integral part of the daily lives of teenagers worldwide. While it offers numerous benefits such as connectivity and access to information, its influence on adolescents deserves a closer examination.

Firstly, social media provides a platform for teens to express themselves and connect with peers. Through platforms like Instagram and Snapchat, they can share their thoughts, experiences, and creative endeavors. However, the pressure to maintain a curated online persona often leads to feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem among teenagers, as they compare themselves to idealized images presented on social media.

Secondly, constant exposure to curated content and advertisements on social media can shape teenagers' perceptions and behaviors. Studies have shown a correlation between excessive social media use and issues such as body dissatisfaction, unhealthy eating habits, and even depression. The constant bombardment of unrealistic beauty standards and materialistic values portrayed on platforms like TikTok and YouTube can negatively impact adolescents' mental health and self-image.

Furthermore, social media has altered the way teenagers communicate and interact with one another. While it facilitates communication across distances, it also hampers face-to-face interactions and social skills development. Excessive reliance on digital communication can lead to decreased empathy and interpersonal skills among teens, affecting their ability to form meaningful relationships offline.

In conclusion, while social media offers undeniable benefits, its impact on teenagers cannot be overlooked. From influencing self-esteem to shaping behaviors and social interactions, social media plays a significant role in the lives of adolescents. Parents, educators, and policymakers must address the negative effects of social media on teenagers and promote healthy usage habits to ensure their well-being in an increasingly digital world.

10. Report Text: Teks yang berisi informasi tentang suatu peristiwa atau kejadian, sering kali dalam format yang formal.

contoh report text:

Title: The Life Cycle of a Butterfly

Butterflies are fascinating creatures with a unique life cycle. Understanding their life cycle can provide valuable insights into their biology and behavior.


Egg Stage: The life cycle of a butterfly begins with the laying of eggs by the female butterfly. These eggs are usually laid on the leaves of plants that will serve as food for the developing larvae. Each egg is tiny and spherical, often attached to the underside of a leaf.

Larva Stage (Caterpillar): Once the eggs hatch, out comes the larva, commonly known as a caterpillar. Caterpillars have voracious appetites and spend most of their time eating leaves to fuel their growth. They undergo multiple molts, shedding their exoskeletons as they grow larger.

Pupa Stage (Chrysalis): After the caterpillar has reached its full size, it enters the pupa stage. It forms a protective casing around itself called a chrysalis. Inside the chrysalis, the caterpillar undergoes a remarkable transformation, rearranging its body tissues to emerge as an adult butterfly.

Adult Stage (Butterfly): Finally, the adult butterfly emerges from the chrysalis. At first, its wings are soft and crumpled, but they quickly expand and harden. The adult butterfly's primary goal is to find a mate and reproduce. It feeds on nectar from flowers using its proboscis, a long, coiled tube-like structure.

The life cycle of a butterfly is a beautiful example of metamorphosis, where a creature undergoes dramatic changes as it progresses through different stages of its life. By understanding this life cycle, we can appreciate the wonder and complexity of the natural world.

Teks laporan ini memberikan informasi tentang siklus hidup kupu-kupu, termasuk tahapan dan karakteristik utamanya.

11. Recount text: adalah jenis teks yang menceritakan kembali peristiwa atau pengalaman yang terjadi di masa lalu. Teks ini biasanya melibatkan urutan peristiwa secara kronologis dan dapat mencakup refleksi atau perasaan pribadi. 

Berikut ini adalah contoh teks cerita ulang (recount text):

Last summer, my family and I went on a memorable trip to the beach. It was a sunny day, perfect for a day of relaxation by the sea. We packed our picnic basket with sandwiches, fruits, and snacks, and headed to the coast.

Upon arriving, we quickly found a spot near the water and set up our umbrella and beach towels. The sound of the waves crashing against the shore filled the air, creating a soothing atmosphere. I couldn't wait to dive into the refreshing ocean.

I spent the morning swimming and playing in the waves with my siblings. We built sandcastles and collected seashells along the shoreline. As the day progressed, we enjoyed our picnic lunch under the shade of the umbrella, savoring the delicious food and each other's company.

In the afternoon, we went for a stroll along the beach, admiring the stunning views and breathing in the salty sea breeze. We took pictures to capture the special moments of our trip. As the sun began to set, painting the sky with hues of orange and pink, we reluctantly packed up our belongings and headed home.

Although our day at the beach was over, the memories we made would last a lifetime. It was a day filled with laughter, joy, and bonding with my family. I can't wait for our next beach adventure.

Teks cerita ini menceritakan pengalaman pribadi tentang perjalanan ke pantai, termasuk kegiatan, sensasi, dan emosi yang dirasakan sepanjang hari.

Setiap jenis teks memiliki tujuan dan struktur yang berbeda, tergantung pada konteks penggunaannya. Teks-teks ini bisa ditemukan dalam berbagai konteks, mulai dari buku pelajaran hingga artikel berita dan tulisan di media sosial.

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Bagi kamu yang ingin selalu meningkatkan kosa kata Bahasa inggris kamu, bisa belajar di channel ini ya 😊 semoga bermanfaat.
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